Dionysius I of Syracuse (tyrant of Syracuse, c. 400-367 BC)

From SILVER


Dionysius I or Dionysius the Elder (c.432-367 BC) was a Greek tyrant of Syracuse, in Sicily. He conquered several cities in Sicily and southern Italy, opposed Carthage's influence in Sicily and made Syracuse the most powerful of the Western Greek colonies.

Die Studies
Item Image MetalThe physical material (usually metal) from which an object is made. WeightCarter 1983 * Median weight * 20000 (*10 if gold or electrum)
Syracuse, gold, 50 litrai (male head/horse) (405-400 BCE) AC 97 - Syracuse, gold, 50 litrai (405-400 BCE).jpg Gold 2,738 kg
Syracuse, silver, tetradrachms (quadriga/Arethusa) (399-387 BCE) (Fischer-Bossert) S 1079 - Syracuse, silver, tetradrachm, 399-387 BC.jpg Silver 2,630 kg
Overstriking coins
Item Overstriking coinImage of the overstriking coin MetalThe physical material (usually metal) from which an object is made. DateIdentifies the initial date in a range assigned in a numismatic context. Overstruck typeImage of the overstruck variety
2381 - Syracuse (AE Athena/dolphins) over uncertain type (CNG, MBS 75, May 2007, 82) SO 1654 - Syracuse (AE Athena-dolphins).jpg Bronze 400 BC JL
2614 - Syracuse (AE Athena/hippocamp) over uncertain type (M&M, 39, Nov. 2013, 19) SO 1652 - Syracuse (AE Athena-hippocamp).jpg Bronze 375 BC JL
2257 - Syracuse (AE Athena/hippocamp) over uncertain type (Roma Numismatics, EA 54, Febr. 2019, 65) SO 1653 - Syracuse (AE Athena-hippocamp).jpg Bronze 375 BC JL
Overstruck coins
Item Overstruck typeImage of the overstruck variety MetalThe physical material (usually metal) from which an object is made. DateIdentifies the initial date in a range assigned in a numismatic context. Overstriking coinImage of the overstriking coin
19632 - Adranum (AE Apollo/lyre) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (M&M Deutschland, 17, Oct. 2005, 146) Syracuse SO 2263.jpg Bronze 354 BC JL Adranum 2575 M&M.jpg
19636 - Adranum (AE Apollo/lyre) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Bertolami Fine Arts, EA 77, Dec. 2019, 27) Syracuse SO 2263.jpg Bronze 354 BC JL Adranum 2578 Bertolami.jpg
19628 - Adranum (AE Apollo/lyre) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Varesi, 63, Nov. 2013, 5) Syracuse SO 2263.jpg Bronze 354 BC JL Adranum 2574 Varesi.jpg
23591 - Adranum (AE Apollo/lyre) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Triton, V, Jan. 2002, 123) Syracuse SO 2263.jpg Bronze 354 BC JL Adranum Triton, V, 15 Jan. 2002, 123.jpg
3102 - Mytistratus (AE Hephaestus/laurel wreath) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Lanz, 153, Dec. 2011, 86) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 354 BC JL SO 1634 - Mytistratos (AE Hephaestus-laurel wreath).png
19640 - Adranum (AE Apollo/lyre) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (NAC, I, May 1999, 1137) Syracuse SO 2263.jpg Bronze 354 BC JL Adranum 2579 CNG.jpg
19608 - Adranum (AE Apollo/lyre) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (CNG, 54, June 2000, 254) Syracuse SO 2263.jpg Bronze 354 BC JL Adranum 2571 CNG.jpg
23599 - Mytistratus (AE Hephaestus/wheel) over Syracuse (Athena/hippocamp) (Triton, V, Jan. 2002, 208) Syracuse athena hippocamp+.jpg Bronze 354 BC JL Mytistratos Triton V.jpg
20220 - Mytistratus (AE Hephaestus/pellets) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Gorny & Mosch, 225, Oct. 2014, 1177) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 354 BC JL Mytistratus 2609 Gorny+.jpg
19614 - Adranum (AE Apollo/lyre) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (CNG, EA 448, July 2019, 16) Syracuse SO 2263.jpg Bronze 354 BC JL Adranum 2573 CNG.jpg
23602 - Mytistratus (AE Hephaestus/pellets) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Paris, BnF, FG 881) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 354 BC JL Mytistratus Paris BnF 881.jpg
2262 - Mytistratus (AE Hephaestus/pellets) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Roma Numismatics, EA 20, Aug. 2015, 83) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 354 BC JL SO 1633 - Mytistratos (AE Hephaestus-laurel wreath).jpg
19645 - Adranum (AE Apollo/lyre) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (NAC, P, May 2005, 1149) Syracuse SO 2263.jpg Bronze 354 BC JL Adranum 2580 NAC.jpg
21157 - Mytistratus (AE Hephaestus/pellets) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Triton V, Jan. 2002, 207) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 354 BC JL Mytistratus Triton V.jpg
2334 - Adranum (AE Apollo/lyre) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Freeman & Sear, MBS 15, June 2008, 23) Syracuse SO 2263.jpg Bronze 354 BC JL Adranum 1583 Freeman.jpg
23647 - Aetna (bronze Persephone/horse) over Syracuse (Athena/hippocamp) (Nomos, Obolos 30, Dec. 2023, 78) Syracuse athena hippocamp+.jpg Bronze 354 BC JL Aetna Nomos, Obolos 30, 17 Dec. 2023, 78.jpg
2112 - Adranum (AE Apollo/lyre) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (MacDonald coll. 33) Syracuse SO 2263.jpg Bronze 354 BC JL Adranum 1584 MacDonald.jpg
19610 - Adranum (AE Apollo/lyre) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (CNG, EA 454, Oct. 2019, 32) Syracuse SO 2263.jpg Bronze 353 BC JL Adranum 2572 CNG.jpg
20530 - Adranum (AE Apollo/lyre) over Syracuse (Athena/hippocamp) (Ebay selin959, 8 Sept. 2015 ) Syracuse athena hippocamp+.jpg Bronze 352 BC JL Ameselon 2640 Ebay.jpg
19718 - Aetna (AE river-god/star) over Syracuse (Athena/hippocamp) (CNG, MBS 60, May 2002, 143) Syracuse athena hippocamp.jpg Bronze 345 BC JL Aetna 2583 CNG.jpg
2352 - Alaesa (AE Apollo/torch & grain ears) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Pecunem, 37, Nov. 2015, 22) Syracuse SO 2263.jpg Bronze 344 BC JL Alaesa 1600 Pecunem.jpg
19470 - Agyrium (AE Heracles/man-headed bull) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (CNG, EA 143, July 2006, 15) Syracuse SO 2263.jpg Bronze 344 BC JL Agyrium 2560 CNG.jpg
2674 - Alaesa (AE Apollo/torch & grain ears) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Felzmann, 155, March 2016, 10) Syracuse SO 2263.jpg Bronze 344 BC JL Alaesa 1601 Felzman.jpg
2550 - Agyrium (AE Heracles/man-headed bull) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Gorny & Mosch, 200, Oct. 2011, 1174) Syracuse SO 2263.jpg Bronze 344 BC JL Agyrium 1578 Gorny.jpg
2439 - Alaesa (AE Apollo/torch & grain ears) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (MacDonald coll., 35) Syracuse SO 2263.jpg Bronze 344 BC JL Alaesa 1602 MacDonald.jpg
19457 - Agyrium (AE Heracles/man-headed bull) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Paris, BnF, 1987.404) Syracuse SO 2263.jpg Bronze 344 BC JL Agyrium 2557 BnF.jpg
3496 - Agyrium (AE Heracles/man-headed bull) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (MacDonald coll., 34) Syracuse SO 2263.jpg Bronze 344 BC JL Agyrium 1579 CNG.jpg
2284 - Alaesa (AE Sicilia/torch & grain ears) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (NAC, May 2004, 73) Syracuse SO 2263.jpg Bronze 344 BC JL Alaesa 1598 NAC.jpg
19455 - Agyrium (AE Heracles/man-headed bull) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (CNG, 54, June 2000, 256) Syracuse SO 2263.jpg Bronze 344 BC JL Agyrium 2556 CNG.jpg
19468 - Agyrium (AE Heracles/man-headed bull) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (CNG, MBS 60, May 2002, 123) Syracuse SO 2263.jpg Bronze 344 BC JL Agyrium 2559 CNG.jpg
19715 - Alaesa (AE Sicilia/torch & grain ears) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (CNG, MBS 61, Sept. 2002, 108) Syracuse SO 2263.jpg Bronze 344 BC JL Alaesa 2582 CNG.jpg
19453 - Agyrium (AE Heracles/man-headed bull) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Heritage, MPO 76, Nov. 2022, 3107) Syracuse SO 2263.jpg Bronze 344 BC JL Agyrium 2555 Heritage.jpg
2458 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (Tyrrhenians) (AE Athena/Athena) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Roma Numismatics, EA 47, June 2018, 175) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL SO 1694 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (AE Athena-Athena).jpg
20992 - Petra (AE Zeus/Aphrodite) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Triton, V, Jan. 2002, 218) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL Petra Triton.jpg
20277 - Silerae (AE man-headed bull/Leukaspis) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Bertolami, ACR 92, Oct. 2020, 359) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL Silerae 2618 Bertolami.jpg
20284 - Silerae (AE man-headed bull/Leukaspis) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Bertolami, EA 68, March 2019, 271) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL Silerae 2620 Bertolami.jpg
2194 - Petra (AE Zeus/Aphrodite) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (CNG, EA 374, May 2016, 125) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL SO 1636 - Petra (AE Zeus-Aphrodite).jpg
3703 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (Tyrrhenians) (AE Athena/Athena) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Roma Numismatics, EA 64, Nov. 2019, 225) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL SO 1704 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (AE Athena-Athena).png
2240 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (Tyrrhenians) (AE Athena/Athena) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Roma Numismatics, EA 64, Nov. 2019, 224) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL 1692 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (AE Athena-Athena).png
2374 - Silerae (AE man-headed bull/Leukaspis) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Triton, V, Jan. 2002, 224 Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL SO 1640 - Sileraioi (AE man-headed bull-Leukaspis).jpg
2181 - Petra (AE Zeus/Aphrodite) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Roma Numismatics, EA 5, Feb. 2014, 138) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL SO 1637 - Petra (AE Zeus-Aphrodite).jpg
20338 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (Tyrrhenians) (AE Athena/Athena) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Naville Numismatics, 22, May 2016, 31) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL Tyrrhenoi 2628 Naville.jpg
20293 - Silerae (AE man-headed bull/Leukaspis) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (CNG, 45, March 1998, 103) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL Silerae 2623 CNG.jpg
19841 - Silerae (AE man-headed bull/Leukaspis) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Elsen, 88, June 2006, 38) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL 2595 - Sileraioi (AE man-headed bull-Leukaspis).jpeg
2291 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (Tyrrhenians) (AE Athena/Athena) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Roma Numismatics, EA 5, Febr. 2014, 198) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL SO 1699 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (AE Athena-Athena).jpg
2505 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (Tyrrhenians) (AE Athena/Athena) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Roma Numismatics, EA 5, Febr. 2014, 199) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL SO 1700 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (AE Athena-Athena).jpg
20274 - Silerae (AE man-headed bull/Leukaspis) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Bertolami, ACR 92, Oct. 2020, 358) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL Silerae 2617 Bertolami.jpg
20280 - Silerae (AE man-headed bull/Leukaspis) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Münzen & Medaillen, 17, Oct. 2005, 289) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL Silerae 2619 M&M.jpg
2356 - Petra (AE Zeus/Aphrodite) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Gärtner, 34, June 2016, 4023) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL SO 1638 - Petra (AE Zeus-Aphrodite).jpg
2425 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (Tyrrhenians) (AE Athena/Athena) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Triton, 5, Jan. 2002, 278) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL SO 1691 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (AE Athena-Athena).jpg
2490 - Silerae (AE man-headed bull/Leukaspis) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Gorny & Mosch, 241, Oct. 2016, 1160) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL SO 1642 - Sileraioi (AE man-headed bull-Leukaspis).jpg
2300 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (Tyrrhenians) (AE Athena/Athena) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Peus, 378, April 2004, 71) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL SO 1693 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (AE Athena-Athena).jpg
2534 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (Tyrrhenians) (AE Athena/Athena) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Künker, 204, Mars 2012, 184) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL SO 1696 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (AE Athena-Athena).jpg
20291 - Silerae (AE man-headed bull/Leukaspis) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Vauctions, 273, Nov. 2011, 35) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL Silerae 2622 Vauctions.jpg
19839 - Silerae (AE man-headed bull/Leukaspis) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Peus, 386, April 2006, 85) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL 2594 - Sileraioi.jpeg
20226 - Petra (AE Zeus/Aphrodite) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (M&M, 50, June 2023, 50) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL Petra 2611.jpg
2524 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (Tyrrhenians) (AE Athena/Athena) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (CNG, EA 116, June 2005, 92) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL SO 1698 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (AE Athena-Athena).jpg
20265 - Silerae (AE man-headed bull/Leukaspis) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Bertolami, ACR 101, July 2021, 480) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL Silerae 2616 Bertolami.jpg
2293 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (Tyrrhenians) (AE Athena/Athena) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Lanz, 153, Dec. 2011, 140) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL SO 1697 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (AE Athena-Athena).jpg
2558 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (Tyrrhenians) (AE Athena/Athena) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Künker, 143, Oct. 2008, 108) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL SO 1695 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (AE Athena-Athena).png
2436 - Silerae (AE man-headed bull/Leukaspis) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Peus, 415, Nov. 2015, 55) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL SO 1641 - Sileraioi (AE man-headed bull-Leukaspis).jpg
20258 - Silerae (AE man-headed bull/Leukaspis) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Roma Numismatics, The Anders Collection, Sept. 2022, 587) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL Silerae 2615 Roma.jpg
20228 - Petra (AE Zeus/Aphrodite) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Bertolami, ACR 7, May 2013, 158) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL Petra 2612 Bertolami.jpg
20340 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (Tyrrhenians) (AE Athena/Athena) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (CNG, EA 346, March 2015, 1) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL Tyrrhenoi 2629 CNG.jpg
2283 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (Tyrrhenians) (AE Athena/Athena) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Peus, EA 3, July 2016, 31) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL SO 1702 - Sicily (uncertain mint) (AE Athena-Athena).jpg
20288 - Silerae (AE man-headed bull/Leukaspis) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Roma Numismatics, EA 5, Feb. 2014, 141) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL Silerae 2621 Roma.jpg
2244 - Athl (AE Athena/female figure) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Peus, 401, Nov. 2010, 72) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL SO 1608 - Atha (AE Athena-female figure).jpg
20230 - Petra (AE Zeus/Aphrodite) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Münzen & Medaillen, 17, Oct. 2005, 273) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 340 BC JL Petra 2613 M&M.jpg
2231 - Centuripae (AE Kore/panther) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Künker, 288, March 2017, 66) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 339 BC JL SO 1628 - Kentoripai (AE Kore-panther).jpg
20305 - Silerae (AE man-headed bull/Leukaspis) over Syracuse (Athena/hippocamp) (Triton, III, Nov. 1999, 253) Syracuse athena hippocamp+.jpg Bronze 339 BC JL Silerae 2625 Triton.jpg
2297 - Centuripae (AE Kore/panther) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Lanz, 160, June 2015, 44) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 339 BC JL SO 1627 - Kentoripai (AE Kore-panther).jpg
2592 - Kentoripai (AE Kore/panther) over Syracuse? (Athena/dolphins) (Künker, 376, Oct. 2022, 4317) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 339 BC JL 2592 - Kentoripai (AE Kore-panther).jpg
2173 - Centuripae (AE Kore/panther) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Künker, 204, March 2012, 159) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 339 BC JL SO 1629 - Kentoripai (AE Kore-panther).png
2143 - Alaesa (AE Sicilia/Heracles) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (M&M, 39, Nov. 2013, 9) Syracuse SO 2263.jpg Bronze 339 BC JL Alaesa 1596 M&M.jpg
20097 - Herbessus (AE Sikelia/man-headed bull) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Heritage Auctions Europe - MPO Auctions, 76, Nov. 2022, 3111) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 339 BC JL 2601 - Herbessus.jpg
2477 - Centuripae (AE Kore/panther) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (MacDonald coll., 36) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 339 BC JL SO 1630 - Kentoripai (AE Kore-panther).jpg
2664 - Syracuse (AE Zeus/thunderbolt) over Syracuse (Athena/hippocamp) (Bertolami, EA 71, June 2019, 463) Syracuse Athena-hippocamp.jpeg Bronze 339 BC JL SO 1657 - Syracuse (AE Zeus-thunderbolt).png
2583 - Alaesa (AE female head/Heracles) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Solidus, 15, May 2017, 21) Syracuse SO 2263.jpg Bronze 339 BC JL Alaesa 1597 Solidus.jpg
20298 - Silerae (AE man-headed bull/Leukaspis) over Syracuse (Athena/hippocamp) (iNumis, MBS 12, Oct. 2010, 8) Syracuse athena hippocamp+.jpg Bronze 339 BC JL Silerae 2624 inumis.jpg
2302 - Centuripae (AE Kore/panther) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Hess-Divo, 310, Oct. 2008, 19) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 339 BC JL SO 1626 - Kentoripai (AE Kore-panther).jpg
20146 - Centuripae (AE Kore/panther) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Roma Numismatics, EA 26, April 2016, 39) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 339 BC JL Centuripae 2608 Roma.jpg
20143 - Centuripae (AE Kore/panther) over Syracuse (Athena/dolphins) (Roma Numismatics, EA 75, Oct. 2020, 45) Syracuse Athena-dolphins.jpeg Bronze 339 BC JL Centuripae 2607 Roma.jpg
SO 1591 - Tauromenium? over Syracuse 344 JL
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